Salvia Divinorum

Salvia Divinorum

Messagepar chune » 2005-11-28, 21:10

Salvia Divinorum (Ska Maria Pastora) was discovered by the Mazatec Indians. The shamans of the Mazatec tribe used this holy medicine to induce a trance. In this trance they could travel through the unconsciousness of the patient to find the source of a disease.


ils a tu des persons qui est en courant de cet plant merci
chune
 

Messagepar NAMASS » 2005-12-01, 23:03

Bonjour M. Martin

J'ai déjà fais l'expérience de cette plante. Elle déclanche des réaction hautement cérébrale et certain personne perde un certain controle de leur motricité temporairement. À mon avis cette plante a de grande capacité phychic si elle est bien utiliser. Malheureusement je n'ai peu expérimenter cette plante seule, je n'ai donc pu entrependre une analyse juste de ces propriété phychic mais j'ai entre vue un grand potentiel d'exploration du monde subtile. En espérent que ces renseignement répondreront a vos attente.

Namass, un esprit Métis libre
NAMASS
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Salvia divinorum

Messagepar loutre » 2005-12-02, 07:11

http://www.sagewisdom.org/

Bonjour M. Archie,

J'ai trouvé des informations dont vous cherchées. Allé sur le site et vous trouverez des images de la plante. Je vous aie la version anglaise, mais elle existe en français. Bonne lecture.

The Salvia divinorum Research and
Information Center


Salvia divinorum is an extraordinary herb used in shamanism, divination, healing, meditation, and the exploration of consciousness.
It should always be used in a thoughtful, intelligent manner, and only by responsible adults that are of sound mind and clear intent.

"The purpose of these sacraments is to purify, and to open the road. When it opens,
it's as clear as the blue sky, and the stars at night are as bright as suns."
—Aurelia Aurora Catarino (Mazatec shaman)

(This site is created and maintained by Daniel Siebert)

Image Gallery
(click on an image for a closer look)
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Seeds

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Seedling

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Leaves

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Salvinorin A

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Inflorescence

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Corolla

Chemical structure of salvinorin A (thumbnail) - 2787 Bytes
Salvinorin A
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The Sage Wisdom Salvia Shop The premiere source for Salvia divinorum.
Offering the finest quality leaves, extracts, and live plants. (Sales help support this site.)
Daniel Siebert's calendar of upcoming Salvia divinorum related public speaking engagements.
The Salvia divinorum FAQ. Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Salvia divinorum.
The Salvia divinorum User's Guide. A basic educational manual. Essential reading for anyone new to Salvia divinorum.
The User's Guide in PDF format. [previous version] You'll need the Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this file.
Das Salvia divinorum Benutzerhandbuch. (The User's Guide in German).
Le Guide d'utilisation de la Salvia divinorum. (The User's Guide in French [previous version]).
La Guia de Usuarios de Salvia divinorum. (The User's Guide in Spanish [previous version]).
La Guida all’uso della Salvia divinorum. (The User's Guide in Italian [previous version]).
O Guia do Usuário de Salvia divinorum. (The User's Guide in Portuguese [previous version]).
Οδηγίες χρήσης της Salvia divinorum. (The User's Guide in Greek [previous version]).
How to obtain effects from smoked Salvia divinorum. Important advice on smoking techniques.
What's new in the world of Salvia divinorum. Recent news, legal status, science, publications, etc.
The Salvia divinorum Observer. A newsletter that provides information about Salvia divinorum-related news and events.
How to propagate and grow Salvia divinorum. Horticultural advice.
Extended gallery of Salvia divinorum photos. A growing collection of plant portraits and related images.
Experiential reports. Some exceptional firsthand accounts of Salvia divinorum experiences.
The Salvia divinorum chapter of "Pharmako/poeia" by Dale Pendell. (Also available in an Italian translation).
The Leaves of the Shepherdess by Kathleen Harrison. A healing salvia experience amongst the Mazatecs.
Roads Where There Have Long Been Trails by Kathleen Harrison. An ethnobotanist's journey through the Sierra Mazateca.
Lessons in The Use of Mazatec Psychoactive Plants by Bret Blosser. An anthropologist receives lessons from a Mazatec shaman.
The Living Truth by William Arden Ruth. Salvia divinorum and the right to pursue personal insight and spiritual growth.
On consulting Salvia divinorum as an "oracle." (Also available in an Italian translation)
Incorporating sounds and music into Salvia divinorum experiences. by Michael Evenmo.
Salvia divinorum breakthrough suggestions. by Michael Evenmo.
Salvia divinorum inspired arts. A collection of visual arts, poetry, and audio arts.
The virtual Salvia divinorum altar. Ceremonial objects and offerings dedicated to the spirit of the plant.
Sagewise A closed membership email based discussion forum for Salvia divinorum researchers and professionals.
A listing of Salvia divinorum clones.
Maps of Salvia divinorum's native region. The Mazatec region in the northeast corner of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.
A beautiful Chime® rendering of salvinorin-A showing electron clouds. Use your mouse to manipulate the molecule!
To view this, you will first need the Chime® plug-in for your browser.
Scanning electron micrographs of a Salvia divinorum seed. Photos by Michael Dunlap.
Video of a hummingbird visiting Salvia divinorum flowers. Recorded by Carl P. McCall.
Photomicrographs of a Salvia divinorum leaf. 40x, 100x, 200x, 400x, 1000x. Nice trichomes!
A selected bibliography of Salvia divinorum and salvinorin A.


Articles from Scientific Journals and Other Publications
(Some of the following files are in PDF format. You'll need the Adobe Acrobat Reader to view them)
Salviaphoto ASR1
The Botany of Salvia divinorum (Labiatae)
by Reisfield AS. SIDA 15: 349-366 (1993).
This web-optimized version of Reisfield's paper includes lots of great photos.
Temporarily unavailable.

Salvia divinorum and Salvinorin A: New Pharmacologic Findings.
by Daniel Siebert. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 43: 53–56 (1994).
Localization of Salvinorin A and Related Compounds in Glandular Trichomes of the Psychoactive Sage, Salvia divinorum.
by Daniel Siebert. Annals of Botany 93(6): 763–771 (2004). This paper is in PDF format.
High Performance Liquid Chromatographic Quantification of Salvinorin A from Tissues of Salvia divinorum Epling & Játiva-M.
by Gruber JW, Siebert DJ, Der Marderosian AH, and Hock RS. Phytochemical Analysis 10(1):22–25 (1999).
Salvinorin A: A Potent Naturally Occurring Nonnitrogenous Kappa Opioid Selective Agonist.
by Roth BL, Baner K, Westkaemper R, Siebert D,, Rice KC, Steinberg S, Ernsberger P, and Rothman RB.
PNAS. 99(18): 11934–11939 (2002). This document is in PDF format.
Salvinorin A, an Active Component of the Hallucinogenic Sage Salvia divinorum, is a Highly Efficacious
Kappa Opioid Receptor Agonist: Structural and Functional Considerations.
by Chavkin C, Sud S, Jin W, Stewart J, Zjawiony JK, Siebert DJ, Toth BA, Hufeisen SJ, and Roth BL.
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 308(3): 1197–1203 (2004). This document is in PDF format.
Comparison of Pharmacological Activities of Three Distinct Kappa-Ligands (Salvinorin A, TRK-820 and 3FLB)
on opioid receptors in vitro and their antipruritic and antinociceptive activities in vivo
by Wang Y, Tang K, Inan S, Siebert DJ, Holzgrabe U, Lee DYW, Huang P, Li JG, Cowan A, and Liu-Chen LY.
The Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics. 312(1): 220–230 (2005).
Daniel Siebert Speaks…
Interviewed by Will Beifuss. The Entheogen Review. Vol. 8 No. 3, Autumn 1999.
The History of the First Salvia divinorum Plants Cultivated Outside of Mexico
by Daniel Siebert. The Entheogen Review. Vol. 12 No. 4, Winter 2003.
Salvinorin A: The ‘Magic Mint’ Hallucinogen Finds a Molecular Target in the Kappa Opioid Receptor.
by Sheffler DJ and Roth BL. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. Vol.24 No.3 March 2003. This review article is in PDF format.
Salvinorin A: A Novel and Highly Selective Kappa-Opioid Receptor Agonist.
by Yan F and Roth BL. Life Sciences. Vol.75 No.22 (2004). This review article is in PDF format.
Acute Physiologic and Chronic Histologic Changes in Rats and Mice Exposed to the Unique Hallucinogen Salvinorin A.
by Mark Mowry, Michael Mosher, and Wayne Briner. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 35(3): 379–382. July–September 2003.
The Plant-Derived Hallucinogen, Salvinorin A, Produces Kappa-Opioid Agonist-like Discriminative Effects in Rhesus Monkeys.
by Butelman E, Harris T, and Kreek MJ. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 172(2): 220–224 (2004). This paper is in PDF format.
A New Species of Salvia from Mexico.
by Carl Epling and Carlos D. Játiva–M. Botanical Museum Leaflets Harvard University (1962).
A New Mexican Psychotropic Drug From the Mint Family.
by R. Gordon Wasson. Botanical Museum Leaflets Harvard University (1962).
Notes on the Present Status of Ololiuhqui and the Other Hallucinogens of Mexico.
by R. Gordon Wasson. Botanical Museum Leaflets Harvard University (1963).
A Mazatec girl preparing Salvia divinorum leaves on a metate.
Photo taken in 1962 by R. Gordon Wasson.
In Search of the Magic Plant "Ska Maria Pastora" in the Mazatec Country.
by Albert Hofmann. From: LSD: My Problem Child (1979).
Salvinorin, A New trans-Neoclerodane Diterpene from Salvia divinorum (Labiatae).
by Alfredo Ortega, et al. Journal of the Chemical Society Perkins Transactions I (1982).
Ethnopharmacology of Ska Maria Pastora (Salvia divinorum, Epling and Játiva-M.).
by L.J. Valdés J III, et al. Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1983).
Etnofarmacologia di Ska Maria Pastora (Salvia divinorum, Epling and Játiva-M.) An Italian translation of the above.
Divinorin A, a Psychotropic Terpenoid, and Divinorin B from the Hallucinogenic Mexican Mint, Salvia divinorum.
by L.J. Valdés III, et al. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1984).
Loliolide from Salvia divinorum.
by L.J. Valdés III. Journal of Natural Products (1986).
Studies of Salvia divinorum (Lamiaceae), an Hallucinogenic Mint from the Sierra Mazateca in Oaxaca, Central Mexico.
by L.J. Valdés III, et al. Economic Botany (1987).
Salvia divinorum and the Unique Diterpene Hallucinogen, Salvinorin (Divinorin) A.
by L.J. Valdés III. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs (1994).
"Divinorin C," a New Neoclerodane Diterpene from a Bioactive TLC Fraction of Salvia divinorum.
Lab notes from the desk of L. J. Valdés III. The Salvia divinorum Research and Information Center (2000).
Salvinorin C, a New Neoclerodane Diterpene from a Bioactive Fraction of the Hallucinogenic Mexican Mint Salvia divinorum.
by L.J. Valdés III, et al. Organic Letters (2001).
The Early History of Salvia divinorum.
by L. J. Valdés III. The Entheogen Review (2001) X(2): [73-75]
Some photos of Salvia divinorum from the Sierra Mazateca. by L.J. Valdés III
The Absolute Stereochemistry of Salvinorins. Also available in PDF format here.
by Koreeda, M., et al. Chemistry Letters (1990).
Salvinorins D-F, New Neoclerodane Diterpenoids from Salvia divinorum, and an Improved Method for the Isolation of Salvinorin A.
And supporting information. by Thomas A. Munro and Mark A. Rizzacasa.
Journal of Natural Products. 66(5): 703-705 (2003). These two documents are in PDF format.
Divinatorins A-C, New Neoclerodane Diterpenoids from the Controlled Sage Salvia divinorum. And supporting information.
by Andrea K. Bigham, Thomas A. Munro, Mark A. Rizzacasa, and Roy M. Robins-Browne.
Journal of Natural Products. 66(9): 1242-1244 (2003). These two documents are in PDF format.
Studies Toward the Pharmacophore of Salvinorin A, a Potent Kappa Opioid Receptor Agonist.
And supporting information.by Thomas Munro, Mark Rizzacasa, Bryan Roth, Beth Toth, and Feng Yan
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 48(2): 345–348 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Autoxidation of Salvinorin A under Basic Conditions.
And supporting information.by Thomas Munro, Glenn Goetchius, Bryan Roth, Timothy Vortherms, and Mark Rizzacasa.
Journal of Organic Chemistry. 70(24): 10057-10061 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Antidepressant Effects of the Herb Salvia divinorum: a Case Report.
by Karl R. Hanes, PhD. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology (2001).
Salvia divinorum: Clinical and Research Potential.
by Hanes KR. MAPS Bulletin 13(1): 18–20 (2003). This paper is in PDF format.
Use of Nonprohibited Hallucinogenic Plants: Increasing Relevance for Public Health?
A case report and literature review on the consumption of Salvia divinorum (Diviner's Sage).
by Bόcheler R, Gleiter CH, Schwoerer P, and Gaertner I.
Pharmacopsychiatry. 38(1): 1–5 (2005). This paper is in PDF format.
A Facile Method for the Preparation of Deuterium Labeled Salvinorin A: Synthesis of [2,2,2-2H3]-Salvinorin A
by Kevin Tidgewell, Wayne W. Harding, Mark Schmidt, Kenneth G. Holden, Daryl J. Murry, and Thomas E. Prisinzano.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 14(20): 5099-5102 (2004). This document is in PDF format.
Salvinicins A and B, New Neoclerodane Diterpenes from Salvia divinorum.
Harding WW, Tidgewell K, Schmidt M, Shah K, Dersch CM, Snyder J, Parrish D, Deschamps JR, Rothman RB, Prisinzano TE.
Organic Letters. 7(14): 3017–3020 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Neoclerodane Diterpenes as a Novel Scaffold for Mu Opioid Receptor Ligands.
Harding WW, Tidgewell K, Byrd N, Cobb H, Dersch CM, Butelman ER, Rothman RB, Prisinzano TE.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 48(15): 4765–4771 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Determination of Salvinorin A in Body Fluids by High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization.
by Schmidt MS, Prisinzano TE, Tidgewell K, Harding W, Butelman ER, Kreek MJ, and Murry DJ.
Journal of Chromatography. B. 818(2): 221–225 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Pharmacokinetics of the Plant-Derived Kappa-Opioid Hallucinogen Salvinorin A in Nonhuman Primates.
by Schmidt MD, Schmidt MS, Butelman ER, Harding WW, Tidgewell K, Murry DJ, Kreek MJ, Prisinzano TE.
Synapse. 58(3): 208–210 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Quantification of the Plant-Derived Hallucinogen Salvinorin A in Conventional and Non-Conventional Biological Fluids
by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry after Salvia divinorum smoking.
by Pichini S, Abanades S, Farre M, Pellegrini M, Marchei E, Pacifici R, Torre RD, and Zuccaro P.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 19(12): 1649–1656 (2005). This paper is in PDF format.
Synthesis and In Vitro Pharmacological Evaluation of Salvinorin A Analogues Modified at C(2).
by Beguin C, Richards MR, Wang Y, Chen Y, Liu-Chen LY, Ma Z, Lee DY, Carlezon WA Jr, and Cohen BM.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 15(11): 2761–2765 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Synthesis and In Vitro Pharmacological Studies of New C(2) Modified Salvinorin A Analogues.
by Lee DY, Karnati VV, He M, Liu-Chen LY, Kondareti L, Ma Z, Wang Y, Chen Y, Beguin C, Carlezon WA Jr, Cohen B.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 15(16): 3744–3747 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Synthesis and In Vitro Pharmacological Studies of C(4) Modified Salvinorin A Analogues.
by Lee DY, He M, Kondaveti L, Liu-Chen LY, Ma Z, Wang Y, Chen Y, Li JG, Beguin C, Carlezon WA Jr, Cohen B.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. Jul 25, 2005; [Epub ahead of print]. This document is in PDF format.
New Neoclerodane Diterpenoids Isolated From the Leaves of Salvia divinorum and Their Binding Affinities for Human Kappa Opioid Receptors.
by Lee DY, Ma Z, Liu-Chen LY, Wang Y, Chen Y, Carlezon WA Jr, Cohen B.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. Aug 3, 2005; [Epub ahead of print]. This document is in PDF format.
Identification of the Molecular Mechanisms by Which the Diterpenoid Salvinorin A Binds to Kappa-Opioid Receptors.
Yan F, Mosier PD, Westkaemper RB, Stewart J, Zjawiony JK, Vortherms TA, Sheffler DJ, and Roth BL.
Biochemistry. 44(24): 8643–8651 (2005). This document is in PDF format.
Salvinorin: The Psychedelic Essence of Salvia divinorum.
An extraordinary book by D.M.Turner (1996).
Ethnopharmacognosy and Human Pharmacology of Salvia divinorum and Salvinorin A.
by Jonathan Ott. Curare. 18(1): 103-129 (1995).
Psychoactive Card IV. Salvia divinorum Epling et Játiva: Leaves of the Shepherdess.
by Jonathan Ott. Eleusis, n. 4, pp. 31-39, 1996.
Scheda Psicoattiva IV. Salvia divinorum Epling et Játiva: Foglie della Pastora An Italian translation of the above.
Dose-Response Effects of Salvinorin A on Basal Dopamine Levels in the Caudate Putamen of C57BL/6J Mice.
by Zhang Y, Butelman ER, Schlussman SD, Ho A, Kreek MJ.
Effects of the Plant-Derived Hallucinogen Salvinorin A on Basal Dopamine Levels in the Caudate Putamen
and in a Conditioned Place Aversion Assay in Mice: Agonist Actions at Kappa Opioid Receptors.
Zhang et al. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 179(3): 551–558 (2005). This paper is in PDF format
Pharmacological Characterization of the Novel Kappa Opioid Agonist Salvinorin A in the Mouse
This study demonstrates that salvinorin A is active in vivo at kappa opioid receptors.
Use of Salvia divinorum, an Unscheduled Hallucinogenic Plant: A Web-Based Survey of 500 Users
This survey characterized the reasons, methods, and reported consequences of Salvia divinorum use.
Salvia divinorum Epling et Játiva-M. (Labiatae): An Ethnopharmacological Investigation.
by Sherry A. Rovinsky. McNair Scholarly Review (1998).
Salvia divinorum: An Hallucinogenic Mint Which Might Become a New Recreational Drug in Switzerland.
Giroud et al. Forensic Science International. 112(2–3): 143–150 (2000). This paper is in PDF format.
The Mushrooms of Language by Henry Munn. This essay provides valuable insight into the Mazatec shamanic world.
NovaScreen® receptor selectivity report on salvinorin-A.
"Sage Wisdom" An article from TRP Magazine.
Cultivating Diviner's Sage by Will Beifuss (from TRP Magazine).


Additional Information on Salvia divinorum and Related Topics
Erowid - Salvia divinorum Vault.
Lycaeum's Salvia Archives.
Wikipedia article on Salvia divinorum. This webpage is continuously evolving. Anyone can participate in its development.
Something from the Heffter Research Institute.
USDA info on Salvia divinorum.
Some basic information about Salvia divinorum. From the DEA's list of Drugs and Chemicals of Concern.
A report on Salvia divinorum From the April 2003 edition of the Information Bulletin of the National Drug Intelligence Center.
Unfortunately, this document contains a lot of misinformation. It portrays all use of salvia as "abuse" and makes many false and inaccurate statements.
This report has been reprinted in the June 2003 edition of Microgram Bulletin (PDF format), a monthly newsletter
published by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration's Office of Forensic Sciences.
Lagochilus inebrians. An intriguing psychoactive member of the Labiatae.
Salvia splendens. A psychoactive sage???


Relevant Organizations
The Drug Policy Alliance. The leading organization working to broaden the public debate on drug policy and to promote realistic alternatives to the
war on drugs based on science, compassion, public health, and human rights. I strongly urge you to visit thier web site and make a generous financial
contribution to support the important work that this organization is doing.
MAPS (The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies). Supporting psychedelic research since 1986.
Erowid. The world's most comprehensive resource for information about psychoactive drugs.
We urge you to become a supporter. By joining or contributing, you can help ensure that this quality information remains freely available.
The Center for Cognitive Liberty & Ethics (CCLE). A nonprofit education, law, and policy center working in the public interest to foster freedom
of thought. The CCLE has established the Salvia Divinorum Action Center and the Salvia Divinorum Defense Fund.
The Council on Spiritual Practices. Dedicated to making direct experience of the sacred more available to more people.
The Media Awareness Project. A worldwide network dedicated to drug policy reform.
The Drug Reform Coordination Network. A national network of more than 21,000 activists and concerned citizens including parents, educators, students,
lawyers, health care professionals, academics, and others working for drug policy reform. DRCNet supports rational policies consistent with the
principles of peace, justice, freedom, compassion and truth. Each of these has been compromised in the name of the Drug War.
Students for Sensible Drug Policy. Students for Sensible Drug Policy is committed to providing education on harms caused by the War on Drugs working
to involve youth in the political process, and promoting an open, honest, and rational discussion of alternative solutions to our nation's drug problems.
The American Civil Liberties Union. Useful drug policy links.


Mail Center
I am always interested in hearing reports from people regarding their experiences with this herb. Click here to send me your thoughts, comments, experiences, and suggestions. I do read most of the email I receive; however, I receive more email than I have time to reply to. When replying to email, I give priority to correspondence that is particularly important or interesting.

Share this web site with a friend. This link opens a blank email window on most browsers. Please send your friends a note and let them know about The Salvia divinorum Research and Information Center. Don't forget to send them the URL: (http://sagewisdom.org).


Copyright © 1995-2005, Daniel Siebert. All rights reserved. Use of any content of this site, for any purpose other than personal edification, is strictly forbidden without the expressed, written permission of the author.

(This site was last updated on November 25, 2005)
loutre
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Messages: 288
Inscrit le: 2005-09-23, 19:48
Localisation: Laval, Québec

Messagepar loutre » 2005-12-02, 07:15

M. Archie,

Il y a un copyright dont je n'avais pas vu.
loutre
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Inscrit le: 2005-09-23, 19:48
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